The best varieties of cabbage for long-term storage



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Almost all gardeners grow cabbage on their plots. Its early varieties are intended mainly for fresh consumption, while the late ones are great for winter storage. If you create optimal or close conditions for the heads of cabbage, they will easily last until next summer, without losing their taste, density and juiciness. The choice of varieties and hybrids of late maturing cabbage, both Russian and foreign, is extremely wide. To decide, you need to study their advantages and disadvantages in advance.

The best varieties of late cabbage

The growing season for late varieties of cabbage is 140–180 days. The harvest is often harvested after the first frost, but this does not affect the quality of the heads of cabbage. The main advantages of varieties and hybrids of late ripening are high yield, keeping quality, transportability. Heads of cabbage are stored at least until spring, and at most until the next harvest, without losing in the least in presentability, benefits and taste. As a rule, these varieties have good immunity. And what is very important for Russian gardeners, most varieties of late cabbage are great for pickling and pickling.

There are many varieties and hybrids, but not all are popular.

Aggressor F1

Dutch selection hybrid. The state register of the Russian Federation is recommended for cultivation in the Central region, but practice shows that it brings good harvests in the conditions of the Ural and Siberian climates. Belongs to the category of medium late, from the moment of emergence from seed to harvest, it takes 130–150 days.

Cabbage Aggressor F1 consistently yields a crop, no matter what summer is in terms of weather

The socket is powerful, raised. The leaves are not too large, the central vein is highly developed, because of this, they bend. The surface is finely bubbly, the edge is slightly corrugated. They are painted in a bright green shade with a grayish undertone, the presence of a layer of gray-silvery plaque, reminiscent of wax, is characteristic.

Heads of cabbage are leveled, spherical, average weight - 2.5-3 kg. On the cut, the cabbage is snow-white. The stump is not particularly large. The taste is not bad, the purpose is universal.

The F1 aggressor is appreciated by gardeners for the stability of fruiting (cabbage practically does not pay attention to the vagaries of the weather), a low percentage of heads of cabbage rejects (not more than 6–8% of non-marketable species), taste and resistance to fusarium. This is a dangerous disease that can destroy most of the crop both in the garden and during storage. Also, the hybrid successfully resists late blight, a black leg. Aphids and cruciferous flea almost do not pamper him with their attention. Cabbage is unpretentious in care, does not make high demands on the quality and fertility of the substrate, the heads of cabbage crack very rarely.

Video: what the cabbage Aggressor F1 looks like

Mara

One of the best achievements of Belarusian breeders. Heads of cabbage are formed in 165-175 days. They are dark green, covered with a thick layer of bluish-gray waxy coating, reaching a weight of 4–4.5 kg. The cabbage is very dense, but juicy. The total yield is 8-10 kg / m². It is an ideal choice for those who ferment their own cabbage.

Mara cabbage is very good sauerkraut

The keeping quality of the Mara variety is very good; under optimal conditions, it is stored until May next year. Another undoubted advantage is the presence of immunity to most types of rot. Heads of cabbage practically do not crack.

Moscow late

There are two varieties of this variety - Moscow late-15 and Moscow late-9. Both were bred quite a long time ago, the first - in the 40s of the last century, the second - 25 years later. There are almost no significant differences, except for the appearance of the outlet. Moscow late-15 has a very high stem, such cabbage is easy to weed, huddle and loosen. In the second variety, the rosette, on the contrary, is low, squat, it seems that the head of cabbage is lying directly on the ground. It is more difficult to look after her, but she is not amazed by the keel.

Cabbage Moscow late-15 is easy to care for - the heads of cabbage seem to stand on high legs

These cabbage varieties are recommended by the State Register for cultivation in the Far East, North-West, in the Central region. They are stored until the middle of next summer. They tolerate cold temperatures down to -8–10 ° C without much damage to themselves.

Cabbage Moscow late-9 is not affected by the keel

The leaves are large, broadly oval, wrinkled, with slightly corrugated edges. There is almost no wax coating. The heads of cabbage are slightly flattened, dense, yellowish on the cut, weighing on average 3.3–4.5 kg. But there are also champions weighing 8-10 kg. The marriage rate is very low - 3-10%.

Video: Moscow late cabbage variety

Amager 611

A fairly old medium-late variety of Soviet selection, it was included in the State Register back in 1943. There are no restrictions on the growing region. The ripening period of the crop is highly dependent on the weather, the growing season is 117-148 days.

The diameter of a rather powerful rosette is 70–80 cm. The leaves are slightly raised, they can be almost round, and a very interesting shape, somewhat reminiscent of a lyre. The surface is almost smooth, even mild wrinkles are rare. The edge is also smooth. The leaves are covered with a thick layer of bluish bloom. The stem is rather high, 14-28 cm.

The taste qualities of Amager 611 cabbage cannot be called outstanding, its leaves are dryish and rough

The average weight of a flattened head of cabbage is 2.6–3.6 kg. They practically do not crack. The palatability cannot be called outstanding, and the leaves are rather coarse, but this cabbage is very good in salted and pickled form. Practice shows that during storage (Amager 611 can last until the middle of next spring) the taste improves. But this cabbage must definitely create optimal conditions, otherwise the development of gray rot, necrosis is very likely.

Snow White

It was bred back in the USSR, but now it is popular with gardeners. The growing season is 130–150 days. Differs in general unpretentiousness in care, is not affected by fusarium, during storage does not suffer from mucous bacteriosis. The only thing that she categorically does not tolerate is an acidic substrate.

The average weight of a pale green head of cabbage is 2.5–4.2 kg. The shape is almost round or slightly flattened. They are very dense but juicy. Fruiting is amicable, heads of cabbage rarely crack. This cabbage is notable for its transportability, it can be stored for at least 6–8 months, but provided that a constant temperature of at least 8 ° C is maintained.

Snow White cabbage is not only delicious but also extremely healthy.

Snow White is prized mainly for its wonderful taste and high content of vitamins, micro- and macroelements. Moreover, the benefits are not lost when fermenting and salting. This cabbage is recommended to be included in the diet of children and the elderly.

Megaton F1

Another hybrid from the Netherlands that is often found on the personal plots of Russians. Among the late ones, it ripens one of the first. The growing season is 136–78 days.

Cabbage Megaton F1 - one of the most popular Dutch hybrids in Russia

The outlet is spreading, powerful, squat. The leaves are large, pale green, almost round, concave due to the highly developed central vein, corrugated along the edge. There is a layer of wax coating, but not too noticeable.

The head of cabbage is also pale green, very dense, the stump is short. Average weight - 3.2-4.1 kg. The taste is wonderful, the yield is consistently high. The variety has immunity to fusarium, quite rarely it is affected by keel and gray rot. Insects do not pay much attention to this cabbage either.

Video: what Megaton F1 cabbage looks like

Gingerbread man

Russian variety, bred in the mid-90s of the last century. There are no restrictions on the region of cultivation. The growing season is 145–150 days.

The rosette is raised, the stem is 30–34 cm high, very compact (45–55 cm in diameter). Leaves are broadly oval, rich green. The surface is smooth, along the edge there is a light wave. A layer of gray-gray waxy coating is thick, clearly visible.

Fresh cabbage Kolobok is not very tasty, but during storage the situation is corrected

The head of cabbage is almost round, pale green on the cut. Average weight is about 5 kg. The taste is excellent. This cabbage cracks very rarely. The Kolobok is stored until May next year. It has immunity to the most dangerous diseases for culture - fusarium, mucous and vascular bacteriosis, all types of rot. Fresh cabbage is almost never eaten - immediately after cutting it has a bitter taste that disappears during storage.

Wintering 1474

Soviet variety specially created for storage. Even in far from optimal conditions, this cabbage will last at least until mid-winter. If it is stored correctly, in January-February they just start eating it. During this time, the palatability improves significantly, the heads of cabbage seem to gain juiciness. The state register is recommended for cultivation in the Volga region and the Far East.

Cabbage variety Zimovka 1474 was bred specifically for long-term storage

The socket is not particularly powerful, slightly raised. The leaves are ovate, large, painted in a grayish-green color, covered with a thick layer of waxy bloom. The surface of the lamina is moderately wrinkled, the edges are noticeably corrugated.

The average weight of a head of cabbage is 2–3.6 kg. They are slightly flattened, with a rather long stump. The percentage of non-commercial products is no more than 2–8%. Cabbage does not crack and does not suffer from necrosis during storage.

Languadeaker

An old variety, proven by more than one generation of gardeners, bred in Holland. The growing season is 150-165 days. It is appreciated for its excellent taste, which only improves during storage, resistance to most common cabbage diseases (especially bacteriosis), keeping quality and ability to tolerate transportation well. The purpose is universal. This cabbage is good both fresh and homemade.

Languedaker is a variety of cabbage grown not only at home, but all over the world

Dark green dense broad-oval heads of cabbage do not crack. This also applies to those that are fully ripe, but not yet harvested. The average weight of cabbage is 3.5–5 kg. 9-10 kg are removed from 1 m². Langedeiker tolerates prolonged drought and heat well, is able to forgive the gardener for improper watering.

Turkiz

German variety from the late category. The crop is harvested 165–175 days after mass germination. Heads of cabbage are stored for at least 6-8 months, do not crack in the process, extremely rarely become infected with pathogenic fungi. Plants also rarely get sick in the open field, demonstrating the presence of innate immunity to phomosis, carinae, fusarium wilt and all types of bacteriosis. In comparison with other varieties, the variety is drought-resistant.

Turkiz cabbage is valued for its good drought resistance

Heads of cabbage are medium in size (2-3 kg), regular round shape, dark green. The total yield is 8-10 kg / m². The taste is very good, sweetish, the cabbage is juicy. Sauerkraut is very good.

Kharkov winter

The variety, as it is easy to understand, comes from Ukraine. I got into the State Register in 1976. The purpose of cabbage is universal - it is good fresh, in homemade preparations, it is also suitable for storage (it will last up to 6-8 months). Ripens in 160-180 days.

Kharkiv winter cabbage during storage does not become infected with bacteriosis

The rosette is slightly raised, spreading (diameter 80–100 cm), the leaves are elliptical, almost smooth, only along the edge there is a light wave. A thick layer of waxy coating is characteristic. Heads of cabbage are flattened, weighing 3.5–4.2 kg. The taste is excellent, the defect rate is low (no more than 9%).

The variety tolerates both low and high temperatures (from -1–2 ° C to 35–40 ° C) and is distinguished by drought resistance. During storage, heads of cabbage do not become infected with necrosis and mucous bacteriosis. 10-11 kg are obtained from 1 m². Ripe cabbage can be cut off until the first frost - it will not crack or deteriorate.

Mom F1

A hybrid, which the State Register advises to cultivate in the Volga region. Heads of cabbage are not particularly dense, but keep well for up to six months. The growing season is 150–160 days.

Cabbage Mama F1 does not differ in the density of heads of cabbage, but this does not affect keeping quality

The socket is slightly raised. The leaves are medium-sized, grayish-green, covered with a light layer of waxy bloom. The surface is almost smooth, slightly bubbly, the edges are even. Heads of cabbage are slightly flattened, pale green on the cut, leveled (average weight - 2.5–2.7 kg). The marriage rate is low - up to 9%.

Valentine F1

The hybrid was bred relatively recently, quickly won the love of Russian gardeners. The growing season is 140-180 days. Resistant to fusarium wilt. There are few heads of non-marketable type, no more than 10%. Shelf life is 7 months or more.

Valentina F1 cabbage is a relatively recent achievement of breeders, but gardeners quickly appreciated it.

The rosette is quite powerful, but the leaves are medium-sized, of a grayish-green hue. The surface is almost smooth, covered with a thick layer of gray waxy coating.

Heads of cabbage are medium-sized, weighing 3.2-3.8 kg, ovoid, white-green on cut. It is characterized by a very high density and a small stump. The taste is simply wonderful, the cabbage is crispy and sugary. An excellent choice for fermentation.

Sugar Loaf

The variety is recommended by the State Register for cultivation in Western Siberia, it is distinguished by its versatility of purpose. Shelf life is at least 8 months. The growing season is 160-165 days.

The socket is raised, powerful. The leaves are large, dark green with a grayish tint, the wax coating is not too noticeable. The surface is almost even, only slight blistering and corrugation along the edge are characteristic.

Sugarloaf cabbage does not even have a slight bitterness

Heads of cabbage are spherical, white-green on the cut. The stump is very short. Average weight - 2.2-2.8 kg. They do not differ in special density, but this does not affect keeping quality. The percentage of marketable products is 93%. The variety is appreciated not only for its excellent taste and complete absence of bitterness. Among its undoubted advantages is resistance to keel, fusarium wilt and bacteriosis.

Orion F1

The state register recommends growing this hybrid in the North Caucasus. It takes 165-170 days for the heads of cabbage to ripen.

The rosette is vertical, low (35–40 cm), rather compact (68–70 cm in diameter). The leaves are almost round, with very short petioles. The stem is 18–20 cm high. The heads of cabbage are elongated, very dense, weighing about 2.3 kg. On the cut, the cabbage is creamy white. Good taste, as well as keeping quality. Until May next year, 78–80% of heads of cabbage are preserved.

Orion F1 cabbage - these are medium-sized, but very dense heads of cabbage

The hybrid successfully resists bacteriosis, somewhat worse - fusarium. The crop yields consistently, no matter how lucky the gardener is with the summer weather. Heads of cabbage practically do not crack, ripen together.

Lennox F1

A hybrid originally from Holland. Restrictions regarding the region of cultivation are not established by the State Register. Cabbage is good both fresh and after long-term storage. Heads of cabbage ripen in 167-174 days. Shelf life - up to 8 months. This cabbage, thanks to its powerful root system, tolerates drought well.

Cabbage Lennox F1 stands out for its good drought resistance

The outlet is quite compact. The leaves are large, ovoid, grayish-green with a lilac tint, concave along the central vein.The surface is finely wrinkled, the edges are even. The presence of a thick waxy coating is characteristic. Heads of cabbage are spherical, weighing 1.6–2.4 kg, very dense. The total yield is 9-10 kg / m². The hybrid is valued for its sugar content, it has a high vitamin C content.

Video: an overview of popular varieties of late cabbage

Cultivation Recommendations

Caring for late cabbage is not much different from growing other varieties. The main nuances are related to the length of the growing season. Heads of cabbage take longer to ripen and require more nutrients.

Planting procedure and preparation for it

Since it takes about five to six months from the moment the seed shoots emerge to the maturation of the heads of cabbage for most varieties of late-ripening cabbage, in a temperate climate it is grown exclusively by seedlings. Seeds in Russia can be planted directly into the ground only in southern regions with a subtropical climate.

Modern varieties and hybrids have good immunity, but in general, cabbage is prone to damage by pathogenic fungi. To avoid this, the seeds undergo special training before planting. For disinfection, they are immersed in hot (45–50 ° C) water for a quarter of an hour, then in cold water for just a couple of minutes. Another option is etching in a fungicide of biological origin (Alirin-B, Maxim, Planriz, Ridomil-Gold) or in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate. To increase germination, use any biostimulants (potassium humate, Epin, Emistim-M, Zircon). The solution is prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions, the seeds are immersed in it for 10-12 hours.

A solution of potassium permanganate is one of the most common disinfectants, soaking cabbage seeds in it is an effective prevention of fungal diseases

The optimal time for planting late cabbage for seedlings is late March or early April. The seedlings are transferred to the ground in the first half of May, the harvest is harvested in October. In the southern regions, all these dates are postponed 12-15 days ago. These varieties and hybrids are not afraid of autumn frosts, negative temperatures do not affect keeping quality.

Any cabbage tolerates transplanting and picking very badly. Therefore, it is immediately planted in small peat pots. Soil is a mixture of humus, fertile soil and sand in approximately equal proportions. For the prevention of fungal diseases, add a little crushed chalk or wood ash. Before planting, the substrate is well moistened. The seeds are buried 1–2 cm, sprinkled on top with a thin layer of fine sand.

Cabbage planted in peat pots can be transferred to the garden without removing it from the container

Until emergence, containers are kept in a dark, warm place under a film or glass. As a rule, seeds germinate in 7-10 days. Seedlings need to be provided with 10-12 hours of daylight. The temperature in the first 5–7 days is lowered to 12–14 ° C, then raised to 16–18 ° C. The substrate is constantly maintained in a moderately moist state, but not poured (this is fraught with the development of a black leg).

For proper development, cabbage seedlings require a sufficiently low temperature.

In the phase of the second true leaf, cabbage is fed with mineral nitrogen fertilizers (2-3 g per liter of water). A week later, it is watered with a solution of a complex seedling agent (Rostock, Solution, Kristalin, Kemira-Lux). About a week before transplanting, cabbage begins to harden, making it easier for it to adapt to new conditions. Seedlings ready for planting reach a height of 17–20 cm and have 4–6 true leaves.

Do not hesitate to plant cabbage seedlings in the ground: the older the plant, the worse it takes root in a new place

Video: growing cabbage seedlings

The garden bed is prepared in advance, choosing an open place. Even a light partial shade is not suitable for the culture. Due to the high humidity of the air and soil, any lowlands are excluded. Do not forget about crop rotation. Cabbage grows best after beets, herbs, legumes and nightshades. Cruciferous relatives are undesirable as predecessors.

For growing cabbage, choose an open place well warmed by the sun.

Cabbage needs light, but nutritious soil. She categorically does not tolerate an acidic and salty substrate. When digging into the soil, humus or rotted compost, dolomite flour, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are necessarily introduced (can be replaced with sifted wood ash). In the spring, 10-15 days before planting, the bed is loosened well and mineral nitrogen fertilizers are added.

Humus is an effective remedy for increasing soil fertility

The wells are well spilled before planting the cabbage. It is imperative to adhere to the planting scheme (at least 60 cm between plants and 60–70 cm between rows) so that each head of cabbage has sufficient area for nutrition. The seedlings are transferred to a permanent place along with the pot. A little humus, a teaspoon of superphosphate and onion peel are placed at the bottom of the hole to repel pests. The cabbage is buried to the first pair of leaves, once again watered abundantly, mulched. Until it starts to grow, a canopy of white covering material is erected over the garden bed. Or each seedling is separately covered with spruce branches, paper caps.

Cabbage seedlings are planted in holes abundantly spilled with water, practically in the mud

In open ground, seeds of late cabbage are planted in late April or early May. The ground at a depth of 10 cm should warm up to at least 10–12 ° C. When planting, follow the scheme, put 3-4 seeds in each hole. Sprinkle them on top with peat chips or humus (a layer 2-3 cm thick).

Cabbage (both seeds and seedlings) is planted in the ground, providing the plants with sufficient area to feed

Before the emergence of shoots, the bed is covered with plastic wrap. Then - tighten the covering material on the arcs. After a month, the shelter can be removed for a day, after another 1.5–2 weeks - removed completely. In the phase of the second true leaf, culling is carried out, leaving one seedling in each hole. Unnecessary ones are cut with scissors or pinched at the very ground.

In open ground, seeds of late cabbage are planted only if the climate in the region allows

Water the seedlings in moderation. Plain water can be alternated with a pale pink potassium permanganate solution. To protect against fungal diseases, cabbage is powdered with crushed chalk or colloidal sulfur. Sprinkle the soil in the garden with a mixture of ash, tobacco chips and ground pepper. This will help ward off many pests.

Further care

Late cabbage, like its other varieties, is regularly loosened, the garden is weeded. With loosening, you need to be very careful not to go deeper than 10 cm. About three weeks after planting, it is huddled to stimulate the development of more adventitious roots. The procedure is repeated after another 10-12 days and just before the leaves close into a continuous carpet. The shorter the stem, the more often you need to spud the plants.

Ideally, the cabbage bed should be loosened after each watering - this promotes aeration of the roots, prevents moisture from stagnating in the soil

The main component of cabbage care is proper watering. It needs moisture especially strongly during August, during the formation of heads of cabbage. Freshly planted seedlings are watered every 2-3 days, consuming 7-8 liters of water per 1 m². After 2-3 weeks, the intervals between procedures are doubled, and the norm - up to 13-15 l / m². The soil must be soaked to a depth of at least 8 cm. Of course, the frequency of watering is highly dependent on the weather. In hot weather, cabbage is watered daily or even twice a day, early in the morning and late in the evening. You can also spray the leaves and heads of cabbage additionally.

Cabbage is a moisture-loving culture, this applies to both newly planted seedlings and adult plants

It is undesirable to pour water directly under the roots. They are located in cabbage very close to the soil surface, quickly become bare and dry out. Better to water it using the grooves in the aisles. If technically feasible, sprinkler irrigation is organized (his cabbage is very fond of it) and drip irrigation. These methods allow you to evenly wet the soil.

It is categorically impossible to alternate long periods of drought with rare very abundant watering. This is the main reason for head cracking.

About a month before harvesting, watering is reduced to the required minimum. In this case, cabbage will become juicier, pick up the sugar content inherent in the variety.

The growing season for late cabbage is long, so it requires more additional fertilizing per season than varieties of early and medium ripening. Begin to apply fertilizers simultaneously with the first hilling. Any nitrogen-containing products are suitable - ammonium sulfate, carbamide, ammonium nitrate. They are embedded in the ground at the rate of 10-15 g / m² or diluted in 10 liters of water. After a month, the procedure is repeated.

Urea, like other nitrogen-containing fertilizers, stimulates cabbage to actively build up green mass

Cabbage has a very positive attitude to any organic fertilizers. An excellent top dressing is an infusion of fresh cow dung, bird droppings, nettle greens, dandelion leaves. Cabbage is watered with it two to three times during the summer at intervals of a month. Before use, the infusion must be filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1:15 (if it is a litter) or 1:10 when using any other raw material. Complex fertilizers are no worse - Multiflor, Pure Leaf, Gaspadar, Agricola, Zdraven.

Nettle infusion is a very useful and absolutely natural fertilizer

Nitrogen is necessary for cabbage, but only in the first half of the growing season. In this case, it is worth strictly observing the recommended dosage. Its excess negatively affects the immunity of the plant, contributes to the accumulation of nitrates in the leaves.

As soon as the head of cabbage begins to form, they switch to potash and phosphorus fertilizers. Before harvesting, late cabbage is watered 1-2 times with a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate (25-30 g per 10 l of water). Or you can add wood ash to the base of the stem every 1.5–2 weeks. An infusion is prepared from it (a half-liter jar for 3 liters of boiling water).

Wood ash is a natural source of potassium and phosphorus, especially necessary for late cabbage during the maturation of heads

Do not forget about foliar feeding. Cabbage especially reacts negatively to the deficiency of boron and molybdenum in the soil. During the season, it is sprayed 2-3 times with a solution of trace elements - 1-2 g of potassium permanganate, zinc sulfate, copper sulfate, boric acid, ammonium molybdenum per liter of water.

Video: caring for late cabbage after planting in the ground

The crop is harvested only after reaching full maturity. Unripe heads of cabbage are stored much worse. Most varieties and hybrids tolerate slight negative temperatures without damage to themselves, so it is better to wait with harvesting. Most often, late cabbage ripens in the first half of October, less often at the end of September.

Experienced gardeners 2-3 weeks before harvest are advised to chop the stem, cutting it by about a third, and slightly loosen the plant in the soil. The heads of cabbage will no longer be supplied with nutrients, grow in size and will definitely not crack.

Cabbage must be pulled out with roots. You can even store it right there by transplanting it into a box of wet peat or sand. But in this case, it takes up quite a lot of space.

Heads of cabbage intended for long-term storage are carefully examined, rejecting those on which even the slightest suspicious damage is noticeable. The stump is cut with a sharpened clean knife, leaving at least 4–5 cm. Two or three integumentary leaves do not need to be removed either. All sections are processed by sprinkling with activated carbon powder, colloidal sulfur, cinnamon.

Cabbage for long-term storage is carefully selected

Before laying the cabbage for storage, the cellar or basement must be disinfected by wiping all surfaces with a solution of slaked lime. Heads of cabbage in one layer are laid out on shelves covered with shavings, sawdust, straw, sand, and scraps of newsprint so that they do not come into contact with each other. To prevent the development of fungal diseases, it is recommended to dust them with crushed chalk or wood ash.

To save space, the heads of cabbage are tied by stumps in pairs and hung on a wire or rope stretched from the ceiling. In this case, it is also desirable that they do not touch each other.

This unusual way of storing cabbage saves space in the cellar.

Even the best varieties and hybrids of late cabbage will not last long if you do not provide them with suitable conditions. Cabbage is stored in a dark place with good ventilation at a temperature of 2–4 ° C and an air humidity of 65–75%.

Video: cabbage harvest and storage

Gardeners reviews

You have to wait a long time for the harvest of late cabbage, but this is more than compensated by the keeping of the heads of cabbage. Crop care has its own nuances, which need to be learned in advance, but there is nothing difficult in growing late-ripening varieties and hybrids. Often the most difficult choice for the gardener is the choice. After all, the area of ​​the site is limited, and there are a lot of varieties of culture. And each has its own indisputable merits.

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Early varieties of cabbage

I really love cabbage salads, early varieties are best for this. They quickly form heads of cabbage, tender and juicy. An early variety of cabbage is always present in my garden, a little - 10-15 roots. In a summer borschik, a salad with apples leaves before the mid-season varieties ripen.

Although early cabbage usually has medium-sized heads of cabbage, it pays off with its rapid growth. Also, early varieties put up with cramped and poor soils, unlike their later counterparts.

Rinda F1

Heads of cabbage are formed 76 days after full germination. This variety is not only suitable for fresh consumption, but can also be stored for up to four months in a cool place. Excellent head of cabbage, not loose, but not too tight either - good pleasant taste, no bitterness.

Rinda cabbage

Cossack F1

A very early hybrid - ambassadors of planting seedlings, heads of cabbage ripen in 40 days. And if you sow seeds, then the harvest is ready after 60-70 days. The cabbage is beautiful - light green in color, inside the head of cabbage is yellow-cream. Heads of cabbage are small in size, medium density - weighing about 1.5 kg, without bitterness. Grows well under temporary shelter and in beds. Not damaged by flea beetles and rot.

This hybrid ripens 90-115 days after germination. Heads of cabbage of medium density, small - up to 1300g in weight. Stable, productive variety - ripening amicably, heads of cabbage do not crack, they have an excellent presentation. Calmly tolerates cold, does not get sick. On fertile soils, it gives high yields.

Variety Kazachok

June

A popular, common early variety of cabbage. The crop can be harvested 2 months after transplanting. Heads of cabbage are light green, dense, can be planted often. In spring, it can easily withstand short-term frosts.

June cabbage variety

Dumas F1

Ripe heads of cabbage can be harvested 90 days after the first shoots appear. Heads of cabbage are dense, rounded, green outside - straw-colored inside with delicate tasty leaves. Weight is usually up to 1.4 kg. Does not burst and retains well during outgrowth. Pleases with stable, high yields, feels fine in thickened plantings.

Dumas variety

Tobia F1

Large hybrid with heads of cabbage up to 6 kg. Rich green upper leaves and light yellow inside, small stump. When overgrown, it does not crack and does not lose taste. Very high taste of the head of cabbage. Can be stored for a short time, resistant to diseases.

Tobia variety

Cabbage for pickling and pickling varieties - how to choose the best variety

Usually, mid-season and mid-late varieties are taken for salting. Mid-season varieties are also suitable for summer cooking.

Mid-season and mid-late varieties of cabbage

Glory 1305

A well-known popular variety that ripens 115-120 days after germination. Good fresh and for pickling. Sauerkraut turns out to be of excellent taste. Round-flattened head of cabbage weighing up to 5 kg. With light green top leaves and white inside.

Slava grade

Atria F1

A mature variety, ripening on day 137-147 after full germination. Leaves are dark green with a strong waxy bloom. The stump is small inside, the heads of cabbage are dense, weighing up to 3.5 kg. High yielding variety, excellent taste, crack and disease resistant.

Variety Atria

Dobrovodskaya

Medium late variety ideal for fermentation. Medium-dense rounded heads of cabbage weighing up to nine kilograms. The leaves are juicy, sweet, white and creamy. The variety is resistant to many diseases of cabbage and flea beetles. Stored up to five months after harvest.

Dobrovodskaya cabbage

Present

Medium late variety, ripening 120-135 days after sowing. Perfect for pickling - the cabbage turns out to be juicy, tasty, spicy. The heads of cabbage are flattened about 4 kg in weight, the upper leaves are green with a waxy coating. The inner ones are white or light green.

Cabbage variety Gift

Midor F1

A hybrid of a medium late ripening period, the period before harvesting is 140-160 days. Leaves are bright green with slight wrinkling with a noticeable waxy coating. The head is medium, round, dense with white leaves inside. The stump is small inside. Good taste. Good in vegetable salads and preparations for the winter.

Variety Midor

Krautman F1

Mid-season hybrid with very dense crispy leaves, very small stump. Weight up to 4.5 kg. With a long standing on the vine, even with a rainy summer, the heads of cabbage do not crack or rot. It is stored after harvest up to 4 months with preservation of excellent taste. Perfect for fermentation - the taste is pleasant. Not affected by diseases. The variety is keel resistant.

Krautman variety

Megaton F1

The most productive hybrid of the Dutch selection. From the emergence of the first shoots to harvest, 105 days pass. Heads of cabbage are rounded up to 15 kg in weight, good taste. Cabbage is leveled in size and does not crack when excessive moisture is present. Suitable for fresh consumption and processing. Great for fermentation.

Megaton variety

Merchant's wife

Medium late grade. Green on the outside in the cut is white. Heads weight up to 2.8 kg. Good, great taste. Good in salting and pickling. Resistant to diseases, can be stored for several months.

Kupchikha variety

Cabbage for storage - the best decaying varieties

Late ripening varieties are selected for storage. They develop for a long time, they have dense heads of cabbage, often stored until the next harvest. Late varieties are not afraid of spring and autumn frosts. Suitable for storage and salting, but cabbage turns out to be rougher, not as juicy and tasty as from earlier ripening varieties.

The best varieties of late cabbage

Aggressor F1

This is one of the best late varieties. In all regions, it shows a high yield, it can be stored for up to six months. The head of cabbage is round-flat, very dense, weighing up to 4.5 cm. It does not require careful maintenance; it grows well by itself. Yields in unfavorable conditions, resistant to cracking.

Variety Aggressor

Late Belarusian variety. The period from germination to harvest is 155-167 days. Round heads of cabbage of dark green color with a strong waxy coating. Weighing up to 4 kg. Resistant to cracking. Very dense heads of cabbage, well kept. It tastes good when fresh, but excellent in sauerkraut. Stored in the cellar until April. The variety is resistant to root rot.

Mara variety

Amager 611

A well-known late variety, it takes 150-160 days before harvesting. The leaves are gray-green in color with a bright waxy bloom. Flat dense heads of cabbage greenish-white inside weighing up to five kg. A productive variety, ripens amicably. Heads of cabbage do not crack, they are resistant to decay.

Amager variety

Snow White

Late variety (145-160 days). The head of cabbage is dense, flat-round, weighing up to 4 kg with good care. Inside the leaves are juicy white with good taste without bitterness. This variety can be used to prepare baby food. The harvested crop is stored for up to 7 months and does not rot. Delicious when fermented. Resistant to diseases and pests, it tolerates transportation well.

Snow White variety

Valentine F1

Late ripe, suitable for long-term storage and fresh preparation. The head of cabbage is medium up to 3.8 kg, very dense, outside the leaves are green with a bloom, white on the cut. The stump is small. Excellent taste, fruitful hybrid.

Variety Valentine

Gingerbread man F1

Late hybrid ripening 150 days after sowing. Differs in high taste, leaves are juicy, white without bitterness. Heads of cabbage weighing up to 5 kg. round, dense, suitable for salting, fermentation, fresh consumption. The stump is short. Cabbage Kolobok is well stored practically until April. The hybrid is resistant to many diseases, so you can get large yields with it without the use of chemicals.

Kolobok variety

Many cabbage varieties were left without attention, but the most popular and productive cabbage varieties with photos and descriptions are shown in this article.

How many varieties of cabbage, it turns out, and all are so beautiful in the photo. Thank you for the information.

You are welcome! This is still a small part of the varieties, there are so many of them that you cannot tell about everything in one article)))

What a detailed review of the cabbage theme! The new season is coming soon, it's time to get ready for it.

Yes, now is the time to buy new seeds, you can freely choose. Let this article help you decide on the right varieties of cabbage.

Is there a variety of cabbage called citron, if there is, please describe in advance. Thank you respectfully Adilet

Hello Adilet! I did not find such a cabbage. There is a citrus plant - Citron, but it grows only in the tropics, it is too cold here, it can be grown as a homemade one.

now Gribovskaya 12 kg. was born

Gribovskaya

A very informative article. From the entire list, only the name "Snow White" is familiar to me. Since I know for sure that there are potatoes with this name.

First generation hybrids have the F1 mark and cannot be a variety. And this article is full of inconsistencies.
Krautman F1
Mid-season hybrid with very dense crispy leaves, very small stump. Weight up to 4.5 kg. With a long standing on the vine, even with a rainy summer, the heads of cabbage do not crack or rot. Stored after harvesting up to 4 months with preservation of excellent taste. Perfect for fermentation - the taste is pleasant. Not affected by diseases. The variety is keel resistant.
Aggressor F1
This is one of the best late varieties. In all regions, it shows a high yield, it can be stored for up to six months. The head of cabbage is round-flat, very dense, weighing up to 4.5 cm. It does not require careful maintenance; it grows well by itself. Yields in unfavorable conditions, resistant to cracking.
The F1 Aggressor is also a hybrid. And here it is indicated that the grade.
The Aggressor variety is tasty fresh and suitable for pickling and fermentation. Resistant to cruciferous flea beetle damage and fusarium disease.
Atria F1
A mature variety, ripening on day 137-147 after full germination. Leaves are dark green with a strong waxy bloom. The stump is small inside, the heads of cabbage are dense, weighing up to 3.5 kg. High yielding variety, excellent taste, crack and disease resistant.

Lyudmila, I am aware that F1 is a hybrid and cannot be a variety. Here the variety is used synonymously so that there is no hybrid in every sentence.

Aggressor F1
The head of cabbage is round-flat, very dense, weighing up to 4.5 cm. Here is a typo. Weight up to 4.5 kg.

Lyudmila, I don't think it matters) but thanks.


The best varieties of late cabbage for long-term storage, when to plant it for seedlings, photos, reviews

Almost all gardeners grow cabbage on their plots. Its early varieties are intended mainly for fresh consumption, while the late ones are great for winter storage. If you create optimal or close conditions for the heads of cabbage, they will easily last until next summer, without losing their taste, density and juiciness. The choice of varieties and hybrids of late maturing cabbage, both Russian and foreign, is extremely wide. To decide, you need to study their advantages and disadvantages in advance.

The best varieties of late cabbage

The growing season for late varieties of cabbage is 140–180 days. The harvest is often harvested after the first frost, but this does not affect the quality of the heads of cabbage. The main advantages of varieties and hybrids of late ripening are high yield, keeping quality, transportability. Heads of cabbage are stored at least until spring, and at most until the next harvest, without losing in the least in presentability, benefits and taste. As a rule, these varieties have good immunity. And what is very important for Russian gardeners, most varieties of late cabbage are great for pickling and pickling.

There are many varieties and hybrids, but not all are popular.

Aggressor F1

Dutch breeding hybrid. The state register of the Russian Federation is recommended for cultivation in the Central region, but practice shows that it brings good harvests in the conditions of the Ural and Siberian climates. Belongs to the category of medium late, from the moment of emergence from seed to harvest, it takes 130-150 days.

Cabbage Aggressor F1 consistently yields a crop, no matter what summer is in terms of weather

The socket is powerful, raised. The leaves are not too large, the central vein is highly developed, because of this, they bend. The surface is finely bubbly, the edge is slightly corrugated. They are painted in a bright green shade with a grayish undertone, the presence of a layer of gray-silvery plaque, reminiscent of wax, is characteristic.

Heads of cabbage are leveled, spherical, average weight - 2.5-3 kg. On the cut, the cabbage is snow-white. The stump is not particularly large. The taste is not bad, the purpose is universal.

The F1 aggressor is valued by gardeners for the stability of fruiting (cabbage practically does not pay attention to the vagaries of the weather), a low percentage of heads of cabbage rejects (no more than 6–8% of non-marketable species), taste and resistance to fusarium. This is a dangerous disease that can destroy most of the crop both in the garden and during storage. Also, the hybrid successfully resists late blight, the "black leg". Aphids and cruciferous flea almost do not pamper him with their attention. Cabbage is unpretentious in care, does not make high demands on the quality and fertility of the substrate, the heads of cabbage crack very rarely.

Video: what the cabbage Aggressor F1 looks like

One of the best achievements of Belarusian breeders. Heads of cabbage are formed in 165-175 days. They are dark green, covered with a thick layer of bluish-gray waxy coating, reaching a weight of 4–4.5 kg. The cabbage is very dense, but juicy. The total yield is 8-10 kg / m². It is an ideal choice for those who ferment their own cabbage.

Mara cabbage is very good sauerkraut

The keeping quality of the Mara variety is very good; under optimal conditions, it is stored until May next year. Another undoubted advantage is the presence of immunity to most types of rot. Heads of cabbage practically do not crack.

Moscow late

There are two varieties of this variety - Moscow late-15 and Moscow late-9. Both were bred quite a long time ago, the first - in the 40s of the last century, the second - 25 years later. There are almost no significant differences, except for the appearance of the outlet. Moscow late-15 has a very high stem, such cabbage is easy to weed, huddle and loosen. In the second variety, the rosette, on the contrary, is low, squat, it seems that the head of cabbage is lying directly on the ground. It is more difficult to look after her, but she is not amazed by the keel.

Cabbage Moscow late-15 is easy to care for - the heads of cabbage seem to stand on high legs

These varieties of cabbage are recommended by the State Register for cultivation in the Far East, North-West, in the Central region. They are stored until the middle of next summer. They tolerate cold temperatures down to -8–10 ° C without much damage to themselves.

Cabbage Moscow late-9 is not affected by the keel

The leaves are large, broadly oval, wrinkled, with slightly corrugated edges. There is almost no wax coating. The heads of cabbage are slightly flattened, dense, yellowish on the cut, weighing on average 3.3–4.5 kg. But there are also “champions” weighing 8-10 kg. The marriage rate is very low - 3-10%.

Video: Moscow late cabbage variety

Amager 611

A fairly old medium late variety of Soviet selection, it was included in the State Register back in 1943. There are no restrictions on the growing region. The ripening period of the crop is highly dependent on the weather, the growing season is 117-148 days.

The diameter of a rather powerful rosette is 70–80 cm. The leaves are slightly raised, they can be almost round, and a very interesting shape, somewhat reminiscent of a lyre. The surface is almost smooth, even mild wrinkles are rare. The edge is also smooth. The leaves are covered with a thick layer of bluish bloom. The stem is rather high, 14-28 cm.

The taste qualities of Amager 611 cabbage cannot be called outstanding, its leaves are dryish and rough

The average weight of a flattened head of cabbage is 2.6–3.6 kg. They practically do not crack. The palatability cannot be called outstanding, and the leaves are rather coarse, but this cabbage is very good in salted and pickled form. Practice shows that during storage (Amager 611 can last until the middle of next spring) the taste improves. But this cabbage must definitely create optimal conditions, otherwise the development of gray rot, necrosis is very likely.

Snow White

It was bred back in the USSR, but now it is popular with gardeners. The growing season is 130–150 days. Differs in general unpretentiousness in care, is not affected by fusarium, during storage does not suffer from mucous bacteriosis. The only thing that she categorically does not tolerate is an acidic substrate.

The average weight of a pale green head of cabbage is 2.5–4.2 kg. The shape is almost round or slightly flattened. They are very dense but juicy. Fruiting is amicable, heads of cabbage rarely crack. This cabbage is notable for its transportability, it can be stored for at least 6–8 months, but provided that a constant temperature of at least 8 ° C is ensured.

Snow White cabbage is not only delicious but also extremely healthy.

Snow White is prized mainly for its wonderful taste and high content of vitamins, micro- and macroelements. Moreover, the benefits are not lost when fermenting and salting. This cabbage is recommended to be included in the diet of children and the elderly.

Megaton F1

Another hybrid from the Netherlands that is often found on the personal plots of Russians. Among the late ones, it ripens one of the first. The growing season is 136–78 days.

Cabbage Megaton F1 - one of the most popular Dutch hybrids in Russia

The outlet is spreading, powerful, squat. The leaves are large, pale green, almost round, concave due to the highly developed central vein, corrugated along the edge. There is a layer of wax coating, but not too noticeable.

The head of cabbage is also pale green, very dense, the stump is short. Average weight - 3.2-4.1 kg. The taste is wonderful, the yield is consistently high. The variety has immunity to fusarium, quite rarely it is affected by keel and gray rot. Insects do not pay much attention to this cabbage either.

Video: what Megaton F1 cabbage looks like

Gingerbread man

Russian variety, bred in the mid-90s of the last century. There are no restrictions on the region of cultivation. The growing season is 145–150 days.

The rosette is raised, the stem height is 30–34 cm, very compact (45–55 cm in diameter). Leaves are broadly oval, rich green. The surface is smooth, along the edge there is a light wave.A layer of gray-gray waxy coating is thick, clearly visible.

Fresh cabbage Kolobok is not very tasty, but during storage the situation is corrected

The head of cabbage is almost round, pale green on the cut. Average weight is about 5 kg. The taste is excellent. This cabbage cracks very rarely. The Kolobok is stored until May next year. It has immunity to the most dangerous diseases for culture - fusarium, mucous and vascular bacteriosis, all types of rot. Fresh cabbage is almost never eaten - immediately after cutting it has a bitter taste that disappears during storage.

Wintering 1474

Soviet variety specially created for storage. Even in far from optimal conditions, this cabbage will last at least until mid-winter. If it is stored correctly, in January-February they just start eating it. During this time, the palatability improves significantly, the heads of cabbage seem to gain juiciness. The state register is recommended for cultivation in the Volga region and the Far East.

Cabbage variety Zimovka 1474 was bred specifically for long-term storage

The socket is not particularly powerful, slightly raised. The leaves are ovate, large, painted in a grayish-green color, covered with a thick layer of waxy bloom. The surface of the lamina is moderately wrinkled, the edges are noticeably corrugated.

The average weight of a head of cabbage is 2–3.6 kg. They are slightly flattened, with a rather long stump. The percentage of non-commercial products is no more than 2–8%. Cabbage does not crack and does not suffer from necrosis during storage.

Languadeaker

An old variety, proven by more than one generation of gardeners, bred in Holland. The growing season is 150-165 days. It is appreciated for its excellent taste, which only improves during storage, resistance to most common cabbage diseases (especially bacteriosis), keeping quality and ability to tolerate transportation well. The purpose is universal. This cabbage is good both fresh and homemade.

Languedaker is a variety of cabbage grown not only at home, but all over the world

Dark green dense broad-oval heads of cabbage do not crack. This also applies to those that are fully ripe, but not yet harvested. The average weight of cabbage is 3.5–5 kg. 9-10 kg are removed from 1 m². Langedeiker tolerates prolonged drought and heat well, is able to "forgive" the gardener for improper watering.

Turkiz

German variety from the late category. The crop is harvested 165–175 days after mass germination. Heads of cabbage are stored for at least 6-8 months, do not crack in the process, extremely rarely become infected with pathogenic fungi. Plants also rarely get sick in the open field, demonstrating the presence of an "innate" immunity to phomosis, carinae, fusarium wilt and all types of bacteriosis. In comparison with other varieties, the variety is drought-resistant.

Turkiz cabbage is valued for its good drought resistance

Heads of cabbage are medium in size (2-3 kg), regular round shape, dark green. The total yield is 8-10 kg / m². The taste is very good, sweetish, the cabbage is juicy. Sauerkraut is very good.

Kharkov winter

The variety, as it is easy to understand, comes from Ukraine. I got into the State Register in 1976. The purpose of cabbage is universal - it is good fresh, in homemade preparations, it is also suitable for storage (it will last up to 6-8 months). Ripens in 160-180 days.

Kharkiv winter cabbage during storage does not become infected with bacteriosis

The rosette is slightly raised, spreading (diameter 80–100 cm), the leaves are elliptical, almost smooth, only along the edge there is a light wave. A thick layer of waxy coating is characteristic. Heads of cabbage are flattened, weighing 3.5–4.2 kg. The taste is excellent, the defect rate is low (no more than 9%).

The variety tolerates both low and high temperatures (from -1–2 ° C to 35–40 ° C) and is distinguished by drought resistance. During storage, heads of cabbage do not become infected with necrosis and mucous bacteriosis. 10-11 kg are obtained from 1 m². Ripe cabbage can be cut off until the first frost - it will not crack or deteriorate.

Mom F1

A hybrid, which the State Register advises to cultivate in the Volga region. Heads of cabbage are not particularly dense, but keep well for up to six months. The growing season is 150–160 days.

Cabbage Mama F1 does not differ in the density of heads of cabbage, but this does not affect keeping quality

The socket is slightly raised. The leaves are medium-sized, grayish-green, covered with a light layer of waxy bloom. The surface is almost smooth, slightly bubbly, the edges are even. Heads of cabbage are slightly flattened, pale green on the cut, leveled (average weight - 2.5–2.7 kg). The marriage rate is low - up to 9%.

Valentine F1

The hybrid was bred relatively recently, quickly won the love of Russian gardeners. The growing season is 140-180 days. Resistant to fusarium wilt. There are few heads of non-marketable type, no more than 10%. Shelf life is 7 months or more.

Valentina F1 cabbage is a relatively recent achievement of breeders, but gardeners quickly appreciated it.

The rosette is quite powerful, but the leaves are medium-sized, of a grayish-green hue. The surface is almost smooth, covered with a thick layer of gray waxy coating.

Heads of cabbage are medium-sized, weighing 3.2-3.8 kg, ovoid, white-green on cut. It is characterized by a very high density and a small stump. The taste is simply wonderful, the cabbage is crispy and sugary. An excellent choice for fermentation.

Sugar Loaf

The variety is recommended by the State Register for cultivation in Western Siberia, it is distinguished by its versatility of purpose. Shelf life is at least 8 months. The growing season is 160-165 days.

The socket is raised, powerful. The leaves are large, dark green with a grayish tint, the wax coating is not too noticeable. The surface is almost even, only slight "bubbling" and corrugation along the edge are characteristic.

Sugarloaf cabbage does not even have a slight bitterness

Heads of cabbage are spherical, white-green on the cut. The stump is very short. Average weight - 2.2-2.8 kg. They do not differ in special density, but this does not affect keeping quality. The percentage of marketable products is 93%. The variety is appreciated not only for its excellent taste and complete absence of bitterness. Among its undoubted advantages is resistance to keel, fusarium wilt and bacteriosis.

Orion F1

The state register recommends growing this hybrid in the North Caucasus. It takes 165-170 days for the heads of cabbage to ripen.

The rosette is vertical, low (35–40 cm), rather compact (68–70 cm in diameter). The leaves are almost round, with very short petioles. The stem is 18–20 cm high. The heads of cabbage are elongated, very dense, weighing about 2.3 kg. On the cut, the cabbage is creamy white. Good taste, as well as keeping quality. Until May next year, 78–80% of heads of cabbage are preserved.

Orion F1 cabbage - these are medium-sized, but very dense heads of cabbage

The hybrid successfully resists bacteriosis, somewhat worse - fusarium. The crop yields consistently, no matter how lucky the gardener is with the summer weather. Heads of cabbage practically do not crack, ripen together.

Lennox F1

A hybrid originally from Holland. Restrictions regarding the region of cultivation are not established by the State Register. Cabbage is good both fresh and after long-term storage. Heads of cabbage ripen in 167-174 days. Shelf life - up to 8 months. This cabbage, thanks to its powerful root system, tolerates drought well.

Cabbage Lennox F1 stands out for its good drought resistance

The outlet is quite compact. The leaves are large, ovoid, grayish-green with a lilac tint, concave along the central vein. The surface is finely wrinkled, the edges are even. The presence of a thick waxy coating is characteristic. Heads of cabbage are spherical, weighing 1.6–2.4 kg, very dense. The total yield is 9-10 kg / m². The hybrid is valued for its sugar content, it has a high vitamin C content.

Video: an overview of popular varieties of late cabbage

Cultivation Recommendations

Caring for late cabbage is not much different from growing other varieties. The main nuances are related to the length of the growing season. Heads of cabbage take longer to ripen and require more nutrients.

Planting procedure and preparation for it

Since it takes about five to six months from the moment the seed shoots emerge to the maturation of the heads of cabbage for most varieties of late-ripening cabbage, in a temperate climate it is grown exclusively by seedlings. Seeds in Russia can be planted directly into the ground only in southern regions with a subtropical climate.

Modern varieties and hybrids have good immunity, but in general, cabbage is prone to damage by pathogenic fungi. To avoid this, the seeds undergo special training before planting. For disinfection, they are immersed in hot (45–50 ° C) water for a quarter of an hour, then in cold water for just a couple of minutes. Another option is etching in a fungicide of biological origin (Alirin-B, Maxim, Planriz, Ridomil-Gold) or in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate. To increase germination, use any biostimulants (potassium humate, Epin, Emistim-M, Zircon). The solution is prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions, the seeds are immersed in it for 10-12 hours.

A solution of potassium permanganate is one of the most common disinfectants, soaking cabbage seeds in it is an effective prevention of fungal diseases

The optimal time for planting late cabbage for seedlings is late March or early April. The seedlings are transferred to the ground in the first half of May, the harvest is harvested in October. In the southern regions, all these dates are postponed 12-15 days ago. These varieties and hybrids are not afraid of autumn frosts, negative temperatures do not affect keeping quality.

Any cabbage tolerates transplanting and picking very badly. Therefore, it is immediately planted in small peat pots. Soil is a mixture of humus, fertile soil and sand in approximately equal proportions. For the prevention of fungal diseases, add a little crushed chalk or wood ash. Before planting, the substrate is well moistened. The seeds are buried 1–2 cm, sprinkled on top with a thin layer of fine sand.

Cabbage planted in peat pots can be transferred to the garden without removing it from the container

Until emergence, containers are kept in a dark, warm place under a film or glass. As a rule, seeds germinate in 7-10 days. Seedlings need to be provided with 10-12 hours of daylight. The temperature in the first 5–7 days is lowered to 12–14 ° C, then raised to 16–18 ° C. The substrate is constantly maintained in a moderately moist state, but not poured (this is fraught with the development of a "black leg").

For proper development, cabbage seedlings require a sufficiently low temperature.

In the phase of the second true leaf, cabbage is fed with mineral nitrogen fertilizers (2-3 g per liter of water). A week later, it is watered with a solution of a complex seedling agent (Rostock, Solution, Kristalin, Kemira-Lux). About a week before transplanting, cabbage begins to harden, making it easier for it to adapt to new conditions. Seedlings ready for planting reach a height of 17–20 cm and have 4–6 true leaves.

Do not hesitate to plant cabbage seedlings in the ground: the older the plant, the worse it takes root in a new place

Video: growing cabbage seedlings

The garden bed is prepared in advance, choosing an open place. Even a light partial shade is not suitable for the culture. Due to the high humidity of the air and soil, any lowlands are excluded. Do not forget about crop rotation. Cabbage grows best after beets, herbs, legumes and nightshades. Cruciferous relatives are undesirable as predecessors.

For growing cabbage, choose an open place well warmed by the sun.

Cabbage needs light, but nutritious soil. She categorically does not tolerate an acidic and salty substrate. When digging into the soil, humus or rotted compost, dolomite flour, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are necessarily introduced (can be replaced with sifted wood ash). In the spring, 10-15 days before planting, the bed is loosened well and mineral nitrogen fertilizers are added.

Humus is an effective remedy for increasing soil fertility

The wells are well spilled before planting the cabbage. It is imperative to adhere to the planting scheme (at least 60 cm between plants and 60–70 cm between rows) so that each head of cabbage has sufficient area for nutrition. The seedlings are transferred to a permanent place along with the pot. A little humus, a teaspoon of superphosphate and onion peel are placed at the bottom of the hole to repel pests. The cabbage is buried to the first pair of leaves, once again watered abundantly, mulched. Until it starts to grow, a canopy of white covering material is erected over the garden bed. Or each seedling is separately covered with spruce branches, paper caps.

Cabbage seedlings are planted in holes abundantly spilled with water, practically in the "mud"

In open ground, seeds of late cabbage are planted in late April or early May. The ground at a depth of 10 cm should warm up to at least 10–12 ° C. When planting, follow the scheme, put 3-4 seeds in each hole. Sprinkle them on top with peat chips or humus (a layer 2-3 cm thick).

Cabbage (both seeds and seedlings) is planted in the ground, providing the plants with sufficient area to feed

Before the emergence of shoots, the bed is covered with plastic wrap. Then - tighten the covering material on the arcs. After a month, the shelter can be removed for a day, after another 1.5–2 weeks - removed completely. In the phase of the second true leaf, culling is carried out, leaving one seedling in each hole. "Unnecessary" cut with scissors or pinch at the very ground.

In open ground, seeds of late cabbage are planted only if the climate in the region allows

Water the seedlings in moderation. Plain water can be alternated with a pale pink potassium permanganate solution. To protect against fungal diseases, cabbage is powdered with crushed chalk or colloidal sulfur. Sprinkle the soil in the garden with a mixture of ash, tobacco chips and ground pepper. This will help ward off many pests.

Further care

Late cabbage, like its other varieties, is regularly loosened, the garden is weeded. With loosening, you need to be very careful not to go deeper than 10 cm.About three weeks after planting, it is spudded in order to stimulate the development of a larger number of adventitious roots. The procedure is repeated after another 10-12 days and just before the leaves close into a continuous carpet. The shorter the stem, the more often you need to spud the plants.

Ideally, the cabbage bed should be loosened after each watering - this promotes aeration of the roots, prevents moisture from stagnating in the soil

The main component of cabbage care is proper watering. It needs moisture especially strongly during August, during the formation of heads of cabbage. Freshly planted seedlings are watered every 2-3 days, consuming 7-8 liters of water per 1 m². After 2-3 weeks, the intervals between procedures are doubled, and the norm - up to 13-15 l / m². The soil must be soaked to a depth of at least 8 cm. Of course, the frequency of watering is highly dependent on the weather. In hot weather, cabbage is watered daily or even twice a day, early in the morning and late in the evening. You can also spray the leaves and heads of cabbage additionally.

Cabbage is a moisture-loving culture, this applies to both newly planted seedlings and adult plants

It is undesirable to pour water directly under the roots. They are located in cabbage very close to the soil surface, quickly become bare and dry out. Better to water it using the grooves in the aisles. If technically feasible, sprinkler irrigation is organized (his cabbage is very fond of it) and drip irrigation. These methods allow you to evenly wet the soil.

It is categorically impossible to alternate long periods of drought with rare very abundant watering. This is the main reason for head cracking.

About a month before harvesting, watering is reduced to the required minimum. In this case, cabbage will become juicier, pick up the sugar content inherent in the variety.

The growing season for late cabbage is long, so it requires more additional fertilizing per season than varieties of early and medium ripening. Begin to apply fertilizers simultaneously with the first hilling. Any nitrogen-containing products are suitable - ammonium sulfate, carbamide, ammonium nitrate. They are embedded in the ground at the rate of 10-15 g / m² or diluted in 10 liters of water. After a month, the procedure is repeated.

Urea, like other nitrogen-containing fertilizers, stimulates cabbage to actively build up green mass

Cabbage has a very positive attitude to any organic fertilizers. An excellent top dressing is an infusion of fresh cow dung, bird droppings, nettle greens, dandelion leaves. Cabbage is watered with it two to three times during the summer at intervals of a month. Before use, the infusion must be filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1:15 (if it is a litter) or 1:10 when using any other raw material. Complex fertilizers are no worse - Multiflor, Pure Leaf, Gaspadar, Agricola, Zdraven.

Nettle infusion is a very useful and absolutely natural fertilizer

Nitrogen is necessary for cabbage, but only in the first half of the growing season. In this case, it is worth strictly observing the recommended dosage. Its excess negatively affects the immunity of the plant, contributes to the accumulation of nitrates in the leaves.

As soon as the head of cabbage begins to form, they switch to potash and phosphorus fertilizers. Before harvesting, late cabbage is watered 1-2 times with a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate (25-30 g per 10 l of water). Or you can add wood ash to the base of the stem every 1.5–2 weeks. An infusion is prepared from it (a half-liter jar for 3 liters of boiling water).

Wood ash is a natural source of potassium and phosphorus, especially necessary for late cabbage during the maturation of heads

Do not forget about foliar feeding. Cabbage especially reacts negatively to the deficiency of boron and molybdenum in the soil. During the season, it is sprayed 2-3 times with a solution of trace elements - 1-2 g of potassium permanganate, zinc sulfate, copper sulfate, boric acid, ammonium molybdenum per liter of water.

Video: caring for late cabbage after planting in the ground

The crop is harvested only after reaching full maturity. Unripe heads of cabbage are stored much worse. Most varieties and hybrids tolerate slight negative temperatures without damage to themselves, so it is better to wait with harvesting. Most often, late cabbage ripens in the first half of October, less often at the end of September.

Experienced gardeners 2-3 weeks before harvest are advised to chop the stem, cutting it by about a third, and slightly loosen the plant in the soil. The heads of cabbage will no longer be supplied with nutrients, grow in size and will definitely not crack.

Cabbage must be pulled out with roots. You can even store it right there by "transplanting" it into a box with wet peat or sand. But in this case, it takes up quite a lot of space.

Heads of cabbage intended for long-term storage are carefully examined, rejecting those on which even the slightest suspicious damage is noticeable. The stump is cut with a sharpened clean knife, leaving at least 4–5 cm. Two or three integumentary leaves do not need to be removed either. All sections are processed by sprinkling with activated carbon powder, colloidal sulfur, cinnamon.

Cabbage for long-term storage is carefully selected

Before laying the cabbage for storage, the cellar or basement must be disinfected by wiping all surfaces with a solution of slaked lime. Heads of cabbage in one layer are laid out on shelves covered with shavings, sawdust, straw, sand, and scraps of newsprint so that they do not come into contact with each other. To prevent the development of fungal diseases, it is recommended to dust them with crushed chalk or wood ash.

To save space, the heads of cabbage are tied by stumps in pairs and hung on a wire or rope stretched from the ceiling. In this case, it is also desirable that they do not touch each other.

This unusual way of storing cabbage saves space in the cellar.

Even the best varieties and hybrids of late cabbage will not last long if you do not provide them with suitable conditions. Cabbage is stored in a dark place with good ventilation at a temperature of 2–4 ° C and an air humidity of 65–75%.

Video: cabbage harvest and storage

Gardeners reviews

You have to wait a long time for the harvest of late cabbage, but this is more than compensated by the keeping of the heads of cabbage. Crop care has its own nuances, which need to be learned in advance, but there is nothing difficult in growing late-ripening varieties and hybrids. Often the most difficult choice for the gardener is the choice. After all, the area of ​​the site is limited, and there are a lot of varieties of culture. And each has its own indisputable merits.

  • Author: Julia Golova
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Choosing a site for planting

The ideal soil for this vegetable crop will be loam with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction, in which a sufficient amount of organic fertilizers has been applied.

Organic matter (humus, manure or compost) should be introduced in the fall for digging, and in the spring, when planting seeds or cabbage seedlings, complex mineral fertilizers are applied to the beds.

Photo of a plot with cabbage

When growing late cabbage, you should adhere to the rules of crop rotation. You cannot plant cruciferous plants in one place even for two seasons in a row.

And the best precursors for white cabbage are:

  • cereals
  • legumes
  • carrot
  • tomato
  • cucumbers
  • onion.


Turkis

A late-ripening variety of German selection. Ripe cabbage is consumed both fresh and used for pickling. Heads of cabbage of the correct rounded shape, as they ripen, become dark green and do not crack. The commercial qualities of cabbage are high, and the taste is pleasant and delicate. Cabbage varieties Turkis - one of the record holders in terms of storage time. Plants are also resistant to bacteriosis, fusarium, carina and phomosis.

We have given a list of varieties that many gardeners have loved and have earned many flattering reviews. What kind of cabbage do you like to use for pickling and long-term storage? Please share your preferences on our forum.


Watch the video: पतत गभ क सलभर सटर करन क सबस आसन तरक. how to store cabbages in one year


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