What to plant in the shade


Each of us knows from school that all plants really need sunlight for full growth and development. Without it, the process of photosynthesis, and hence the life of plants, is impossible. Therefore, in summer cottages and vegetable gardens, many try to choose the brightest and most well-lit places for plants. This is recommended by experienced gardeners and gardeners.

But what to do with such areas that are in the shade of trees or behind a hedge? Everyone has a piece of land where sunlight almost does not get. And our summer residents usually try to use the land as much as possible. And many of them are sure that it is useless to plant something in the shade, nothing will grow anyway.

It turns out that some vegetables and shrubs do quite well in the shade. And even in the absence of sunlight, they can give excellent yields.

It is imperative to take into account the climatic conditions. After all, a plant in the shade in hot regions will grow much better than in the shade in cool areas. In the south, you can grow pumpkin and melons in such areas, and in the north - only various greens. Let's look at the options for plants that can be grown in partial shade in the middle lane.

Vegetables growing in the shade

Rhubarb

Rhubarb is a versatile plant that can be used to make soups, salads, jams and various desserts. It is also used for canning. Rhubarb bushes grow well in partial shade and shade. It is important not to forget about regular watering. Propagated by seeds and root processes. With the seed method of reproduction, rhubarb will gain the necessary strength for a couple of years. And when part of the rhizome is planted, the plant will take root quite quickly and give juicy fruits.

Salads

Numerous types of salads (lettuce, spinach, sorrel, mustard, arugula), growing in the shade, remain tender for a long time, do not taste bitter, and the leaves do not become rough. Such a planting site can only affect the size of the leaves, otherwise the salad remains high-quality and healthy.

Ramson

Ramson grows in nature in dense shade, under large crowns of trees, in the thicket of the forest. For her, the shadow is a favorite and auspicious place. Leaves of wild garlic are considered medicinal, they contain a large amount of vitamins and nutrients. In small quantities, wild garlic leaves are added to salads. The plant tastes like onion and garlic.

Borago - cucumber herb

Borago is an unusual plant whose leaves taste and smell like fresh cucumber. They can be added to spring salads. The plant is rich in vitamins and requires almost no maintenance. It grows easily in the shade, is frost-resistant and is not afraid of pests.

Garlic

Garlic grown in the shade of trees or between tall bushes will grow a little smaller than usual, but this will not affect the taste in any way. Garlic greens will be softer and more tender. It can be added to salads as a savory addition.

Herbs and herbs

Spices and various greens are those plants that are not afraid of twilight. Parsley and mint, celery and thyme, lemon balm and cilantro and many other plants will not lose their bright aroma and lush green color from growing in the shade. The only exception is basil. Such conditions are categorically not suitable for him.

If a garden bed is located under the crowns of fruit trees, then do not forget to cover it with a film while spraying the trees with poisonous preparations.

Beet

Beets are a very healthy and irreplaceable vegetable. Some housewives prefer her small roots. They cook faster and taste more delicate. Just for such housewives, growing beets in the shade is suitable. It will not grow to a large size, but it will retain its usual taste. Parsnips and root parsley will also do well in areas with minimal sunlight.

Beans and bush beans

Among beans and legumes, you can find varieties that prefer to grow in the shade, although many of their counterparts require constant sunlight. The tops of these plants are an excellent organic fertilizer that can enrich and heal the soil. Therefore, these crops are often planted in the shade of apple trees, and after harvesting the tops are left in the tree trunks.

Horseradish

Horseradish is a shade-loving plant. It is so unpretentious that it can grow in the most remote and darkened area. The planting site of horseradish will not affect the yield of its leaves, which are indispensable for salting vegetables.

Berry bushes growing in the shade

Many berry bushes tolerate shade perfectly. Honeysuckle, viburnum, chokeberry, even in the shade, give a generous harvest. They can be planted in the darkest area, but there will be a huge amount of berries.

Rose hip

Rosehip also belongs to shade-loving shrubs. At first, its fragrant flowers will attract a huge number of bees and bumblebees to the pollination site and fill the air with a fragrant aroma. And when autumn comes, supplement your supplies with fiery red berries. Rosehip fruits are a storehouse of vitamins and nutrients.

Raspberries

A dark and dimly lit area along a tall hedge or sturdy fence is ideal for planting raspberry bushes. Being in the shade, they will not lose their moisture and juiciness and will grow large.

Currant

Red and black currants usually grow well in well-moisturized and even marshy soils. Sunlight and southern climate are not suitable for these shrubs. But the combination of a southern climate and a shady area is ideal. Lack of sun exposure and moist soil are good conditions for an abundant berry harvest.

Shady areas for these berry bushes in the middle lane will only affect the ripening timing. Lack of heat and light will postpone harvesting to a somewhat late date.

Feel free to experiment with growing crops in shaded areas. Perhaps not everything will work out on the first try - this is not a reason to give up. Show persistence and patience and be sure to get a positive result. Use every piece of land on your site with the greatest benefit for yourself.


Shady garden (with examples of design and a list of shade lovers)

A rich, varied garden is the pride of any owner! But when the garden grows, the grower is faced with the problem of what to plant in the shade of the trees. And buildings can significantly shade the site. Over time, almost every summer resident has a question, what plants can be planted in the shade? And the design options for shady corners are not so few.


What to plant in the shade of trees?

In order for a plant planted in the shade of trees to take root, bloom and bear fruit, you need to adhere to the basic rules:

  • remove hanging and low branches
  • periodically thin out the crown so that the sun's rays enter through it
  • arrange raised flower beds, so the root systems of plants will not compete for micronutrients
  • dig up the soil regularly without touching the tree roots
  • fertilize the soil thoroughly and in a timely manner. The ideal solution is to prepare a compost-rich nutrient layer.

The minimum width of the compost layer is 10 centimeters.

Of all crops, leafy ones are the most tolerant of sun deficiency. In areas where temperatures are particularly high, it is recommended to grow them in a small shade to maintain their juiciness.

All kinds of salads, garlic, onions, cabbage (including broccoli and kohlrabi), leafy mustard, arugula, spinach, sorrel, etc., grow well with a shortage of ultraviolet radiation. carrots, turnips.

Some types of greenery thrive much better in full shade than in full sun. This is due to the demand for regular watering. Where moisture evaporates for a long time, the greens will be juicy, lush and will not taste bitter. All of these crops can be safely planted in the country in the shade, near the fences. Of course, there is a small nuance: due to the lack of sun, the leaves will be small, but they will not taste bitter and will remain soft.


How to plant flowers under trees correctly?

  1. Plants suitable for planting under trees naturally grow in the forest, so they are best suited to fertile soil with a high humus content, which easily absorbs and retains water, and is easily ventilated.
  2. The soil on the site usually differs from the forest one, therefore, before planting the plants, you need to dig it up and add organic fertilizer, preferably compost.
  3. Spread it out in a 5 cm layer and mix gently with the topsoil.
  4. In subsequent years, in autumn or early spring, it will be enough to apply 2-3 cm of fresh fertilizer.
  5. It is also worth using the leaves that fall from the trees every year.
  6. In autumn, they can be used to cover perennials to protect them from frost, and in spring, they can be transferred to a compost heap, where they will turn into valuable fertilizer.

Hopefully now, knowing what to plant under the trees in your garden will make your garden even more beautiful!


Flowers and ornamental plants grown in the shade

Despite the great importance of the sun in the life of flowering plants, many of them feel great in the shade, and some are ready to do without it. All flowers and plants intended for planting in the shaded corners of the site can be divided into several groups:

Perennial

They include the largest list of flowers that can be used both to create flower beds and to decorate the landscape.

  • Badin - grows well in medium to dense shade, but with heavy shading, there may be problems with flowering.
  • Day-lily - prefers to grow in partial shade, as excessive shading can reduce the amount of flowering of this plant.
  • Bruner is absolutely not picky plants to the conditions of its habitat, and also has the ability to grow rapidly.
  • Lilies of the valley are classic plants that can be found in the flower beds of most summer residents.
  • Hosta - nature itself told this flower to live in the shade, only then its leaves will be able to show their entire gamut.

And here are other shade-tolerant and shade-loving plants: kobei, astilba and peonies, such small-bulbous as muscari, irises and periwinkle, dicenter and tenacious, wild rosemary and saxifrage - all of them, including ground cover, can be successfully used in solving the problem with little or no sun rays in the flower beds.

Biennial plants

The most common shade-loving colors are pansies... Due to the variety of their species, which grow well in areas without sunlight, you can observe the flowering of these plants throughout the summer season.

Full shade suitable for growing forget-me-nots and bruners, which are able to scatter on their own and create a whole carpet of flowering plants.

Annuals

This is the smallest group of flowers, since there are very few people who like shaded places here.

A plot with partial shade is suitable for growing balsambut a complete lack of sunlight can result in no bloom.

Fragrant tobacco stands out for its beauty among other plants and feels most comfortable in a garden with diffused light.

Calendula - she will only need a couple of hours of exposure to the sun during the daytime to feel, in the future, in the shade in good health and bloom twice a season.


1. Primrose

Wonderful undersized perennial primrose and its hybrids thrive in the shade. They can grow on the front edge of the flower bed, in the shade of taller, sun-loving flowers. The height of shade-loving primroses is 10 - 20 cm, of various colors. The most interesting species of primroses for cultivation are ear primroses. Its flowers are double, with a variety of rims. It is difficult to grow primrose from seeds at home, so most often old bushes are propagated by division, or new ones are acquired. This flower is one of the first to bloom in the garden and pleases with its flowering from April to May.


What to plant in the shade behind the house?

Perhaps this is the most unfavorable place for planting plants. Especially if it's the north side. It is better not to plant vegetables in such an area, but some types of flowers will help to refine it. Such flowers have an unusual color and leaf shape. Here is a small list of shade-loving plants: aquilegia, digitalis, nigella. To add tenderness and aroma to your flower bed, add tobacco and forget-me-nots to it.

As you can see, the list of what can be planted in the shade in the country is very extensive. These can be vegetables, shrubs, ornamental flowers or berries. The main thing is, do not be afraid to experiment, then your summer cottage will be full of a riot of colors from all sides.


Watch the video: Growing in Shade. Garden Tour of Prather House: P. Allen Smith 2019


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