What Is A Fruit Salad Tree: Tips On Fruit Salad Tree Care


By: Amy Grant

You know how fruit salad has multiple types of fruit in it, right? Pretty much pleases everyone since there is a variety of fruit. If you don’t like one type of fruit, you can spoon up only the fruit chunks you love. Wouldn’t it be nice if there was a tree that would grow multiple types of fruit just like a fruit salad? Is there a fruit salad tree? Folks, we’re in luck. There is indeed such a thing as a fruit salad tree. What is a fruit salad tree? Read on to find out and all about fruit salad tree care.

What is a Fruit Salad Tree?

So you love fruit and want to grow your own, but your gardening space is limited. Not enough room for multiple fruit trees? No problem. Fruit salad trees are the answer. They come in four different types and bear up to eight different fruits of the same family on the one tree. Sorry, it doesn’t work to have oranges and pears on the same tree.

The other great thing about fruit salad trees is that the fruit ripening is staggered so you don’t have a giant harvest ready all at once. How did this miracle come about? Grafting, an old method of asexual plant propagation, is being used in a newer way to accommodate multiple types of fruit on the same plant.

Grafting is used to add one or more new cultivars onto an existing fruit or nut tree. As mentioned, oranges and pears are too different and won’t graft on the same tree so different plants from the same family must be used in the grafting.

There are four different fruit salad trees available:

  • Stone fruit – gives you peaches, plums, nectarine, apricots, and peachcots (a cross between a peach and apricot)
  • Citrus – bears oranges, mandarins, tangelos, grapefruit, lemons, limes, and pomelos
  • Multi apple – puts out a variety of apples
  • Multi nashi – includes various Asian pear varieties

Growing Fruit Salad Trees

First, you need to correctly plant your fruit salad tree. Soak the tree overnight in a bucket of water. Gently loosen the roots. Dig a hole a bit wider than the root ball. If soil is heavy clay, add some gypsum. If it is sandy, amend with organic compost. Fill in the hole and water in well, tamping out any air pockets. Mulch around the tree to retain moisture and stake if necessary.

Fruit salad tree care is pretty much the same as that for any fruiting tree. Keep the tree moist at all times to avoid stress. Mulch around the tree to retain moisture. Reduce the amount of watering during the winter months as the tree goes dormant.

Fertilize the tree twice a year in the late winter and again in the late summer. Compost or aged animal manure work great or use a slow release fertilizer mixed into the soil. Keep the fertilizer away from the trunk of the tree.

The fruit salad tree should be in full sun to part sun (except the citrus variety which needs full sun) in an area sheltered from wind. Trees can be grown in containers or directly in the ground and can even by espaliered to maximize space.

The first fruit should appear in 6-18 months. These should be removed when still tiny to allow the framework of all the grafts to develop.

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Branch out by grafting cuttings from different fruit trees

ART OF GRAFTING

What: Rare Fruit Growers Scion Exchange

When: 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Sunday

Where: Santa Rosa Veterans Memorial Building, 1351 Maple Ave., Santa Rosa

Cost: $5 admission includes free fruit tree cuttings, scions, budwood and grafting classes

If you’ve got a small space but an appetite for a fresh-picked fruit, there is no reason to despair. You don’t need a huge orchard to fill your fruit bowl. Not only can you grow multiple varieties of apples on a single tree. You can even grow an entire fruit salad on the same rootstock.

Yes, you can grow your own “Fruit Salad Trees,” a tree grafted with cuttings from different fruit trees in the same family. It works with both citrus and stone fruit.

Imagine the ease and space-savings achieved by having just one tree that will give you peaches, plums, nectarines, apricots and peachcots? Or how about a citrus tree with not just lemons, but limes, Mandarins, oranges, tangelos and grapefruit?

It’s done through the magic of grafting and budding and there is an art to it. On Sunday, the Redwood Chapter of the California Rare Fruit Growers will hold their annual winter scion exchange at the Santa Rosa Veterans Building. The gathering, open to all, is a chance to pick up cuttings, or scions, for free. Choose from a world of fruit, from apples, pears, plums, peaches and pluots, to plumcots, nectarines and grapes, jujubes and more. Admission is $5.

Members say that anyone with even a 6-by 6-foot patch of open sunlight can grow a tree with tasty fruit, even if it’s only in a trashcan of soil sitting on pavement.

The group will also have rootstock to buy for $3. And for a nominal fee, members will graft on the cuttings you’ve collected. Or you can take in a grafting demonstration and learn how to create your own multivariety wonder tree.

That’s what David Ulmer, a retired ophthalmologist, will be doing the day of the exchange. Grafting, grafting, grafting.

He grows close to 400 varieties of fruits on his tightly planted one acre hobby farm in Sebastopol. He keeps track of his varieties in a database. But he’s lost track of how many actual trees he has. He figures at least 100. Many although not all, are multi-grafted trees.

To make the best use of his space, this committed fruit collector, who is perpetually nosing out new varieties, will also plant four trees close together in one hole, and prune them so they’re clear in the middle and growing outward.

“When you look at them from afar, it looks like just one tree. You keep the middle opened up so they’re not coming at each other from the middle. The main thing you have to do is get varieties that grow at about the same rate from rootstocks that grow at about the same rate,” he explained. It’s an overcast January afternoon in his mini-farm, where espaliered apples and pears grow along fences surrounding it. The only hint of the summer bounty ahead are the last of the persimmons, which he has left for the birds.

But winter is a good time to plan ahead.

While the main reason for multi-grafting is to maximize space, there are other benefits. Most people can’t eat all the fruit from a prolific tree. Ulmer and his wife Jana, an avid vegetable grower, are serious cooks and use much of what they grow, freezing what can’t be consumed before it goes bad, giving away to friends and donating to the local food bank. But still there may be extra.

By grafting (or budding in the summer) you can have one (or several) branches with one variety and one (or several) branches) with another variety, giving you a more consumable harvest. One member of the Rare Fruit Growers, Fred Revetria, has a single apple tree laden with dozens of different varieties.

There is a third benefit. You can choose your varieties to spread out your harvest, with a mixture of early and late harvest types.

“Gravensteins are an early apple. And Roma is a late apple. So you can have apples throughout the whole season, on one apple tree,” Ulmer declared. “I picked my last apple last week.”

For instance, he has the Australian ‘Lady Williams’ apple, which is the “mother” of ‘Pink Lady.’ He also has the sister of “Pink Lady,’ called ‘Sundowner.’ ‘Lady Pink’ ripens around Thanksgiving, and ‘Sundowner’ ripens around Christmas, with ‘Lady Williams’ ready to eat in January. There are some apple varieties that ripens in early summer, even before the Gravenstein, so conceivably you could be eating fresh apples out of your yard for half the year.

For a “Fruit Salad Tree” featuring multiple types of fruit, you need the right rootstock for success. Most popular for your stone fruits, said Ulmer, is a peach rootstock called Lovell, which at one time produced common cling peaches for canning. The cannery pits were grown for rootstock.

The one stone fruit that doesn’t take on a Fruit Salad tree is cherry. But there is a way around that, with a certain “interstem,” that allows the cherry to be compatible with the rootstock.

A standard semi-dwarf rootstock is used for growing multiple types of citrus fruits on one tree.

There are two ways to join two or more plants so they appear to be growing as a single plant. One is grafting, where you take the upper part or scion of one plant and grow it onto the root system of another plant. You can also combine through “budding.” In that process a bud is taken from one plant and grown onto another. Bud grafting, or budding, is done in late spring or early summer, and tends to be more successful, Ulmer said.

Sticks, or scions, snipped for grafting, can actually last for a few months in the refrigerator. So people picking up scions at the exchange can set them aside for June budding if they prefer. Ulmer recommends planting the rootstock in the spring and collecting the budwood in summer for grafting at that time.

Collectors from all over the state and the country share sticks to get varieties they crave. They can be sent successfully by placing the scion in a damp paper towel or a plastic bag with just a little bit of moisture.

But the local scion exchange is a chance to gather a fruitful harvest of cuttings in person, from experts who can answer questions.

Many of the best tasting fruits, members say, are available only through specialty catalogs or growers or from hobbyists swapping among themselves. They have been snipping scions from their own trees for the exchange, so those who show up can expect to score some special varieties.

You can reach Staff Writer Meg McConahey at [email protected] or 707-521-5204.

ART OF GRAFTING

What: Rare Fruit Growers Scion Exchange

When: 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Sunday

Where: Santa Rosa Veterans Memorial Building, 1351 Maple Ave., Santa Rosa

Cost: $5 admission includes free fruit tree cuttings, scions, budwood and grafting classes

Meg McConahey

Features, The Press Democrat

Like most everyone, I love a good feature story that takes me somewhere I’ve never been or tells me something I don’t know. Where can I take you? Who in Sonoma County would you like to know better? I cover the people, places and ideas that make up Sonoma County, with general features, people profiles and home and garden, interior design and architecture stories. Hit me up with your tips, ideas and burning questions.


Final Fruit Salad Tree Review

We are going to give the Fruit Salad Tree a Try/Buy rating. If you live in a region where the average fruit trees do well, then chances are you will be successful with this one. You also have to ensure that the type of fruit that the Fruit Salad Tree is going to be to your family’s liking.

Our Recommendation
For those that have no knowledge about fruit bearing trees they may wonder how in the world there could be a Fruit Salad Tree. Really what it comes down to is grafting several different types of fruit bearing trees to the base of one of them. This is not some new discovery and if you are the adventurous type then there are actually instructions that can be found on the web to do this yourself. Not everyone has a lot of room for growing fruit and veggies so in the past we have looked at some other unique ways of doing this. One of these was the Tower Garden.


13 Gluten-Free and Paleo Easter Brunch Recipe Ideas Everyone Will Love

Welcome to Selfmade Finance School, our new money series with Block Advisors to help small business owners with their tax, bookkeeping, and payroll needs year-round. This week, we dive into the tax deductions that can help save you money when you file your taxes.

Who doesn't love a good tax deduction, amiright? As a small business owner, you should LOVE them, but oftentimes small business owners who try to navigate their own tax journey can overlook expenses that are tax deductible. It is fairly easy to identify your obvious business expenses (payroll, rent, printer paper) as tax deductions, but there are some less obvious deductions I want to highlight for you. Also, one of the best ways to identify more deductions is to ensure that you have a smart, savvy tax preparer who can uncover all the deductions for you. When hiring a tax professional, make sure you ask if they have experience working with other small businesses in your industry. Some will specialize in specific industries, so ask your network who they use.

Or, to make it easy on yourself, reach out to Block Advisors. Block Advisors small business certified tax pros have experience helping small businesses in a wide range of industries, from real estate and development to salons and consulting. And chances are good they've helped a business just like yours.

Below I will outline different types of deductions that may not be on your radar:

Arnel Hasanovic for Unsplash

Home Office: We all have a home office now, don't we? If you're an employee of a company, this deduction is no longer available to you. But to the self-employed small business owner, this deduction can be quite valuable! Let's clarify this deduction. First, the home office deduction applies to taxpayers who use part of their home exclusively and regularly for trade or business purposes. "Regular use" means that the location is your main place of business, like where you meet clients or customers during the course of a business day. "Exclusive use" means that there can be NO personal use of the space at any time during the tax year. For example, my home office is my bedroom. I could not claim my home office as a deduction, nor would I try to meet clients here. That would be weird. How much is this deduction worth? You'll take the square footage of the space as a percentage of the total home. Then, multiply that percentage times your home expenses: rent or mortgage interest, utilities, insurance, etc. It can really add up! There are other rules and options with this deduction, so I highly recommend speaking to a tax professional before you claim this as a deduction.

Business Use of Your Vehicle: Again, if you're an employee, this deduction is not available to you. But if you're self-employed, this one can be huge. To deduct the business use of your car, there are two methods: the standard mileage rate and the actual expense method. With the standard mileage rate, you'll track your business miles driven, then multiply by a cents-per-mile amount to arrive at the tax deduction. That's 56 cents per mile for 2021.

With the actual expense method, you'll track your business miles as a portion of your total mileage for the year. Then, you multiply that business-use percentage times all of your vehicle costs like gas, oil changes, repairs, and insurance.

"Notice that with either method, you MUST track the miles driven for business – it's not enough just to keep your gas receipts," says Marcie Rahn, Enrolled Agent and Master Tax Advisor at Block Advisors. "There is no vehicle use deduction without a mileage log. And the IRS doesn't just want to know the miles driven, but also the date and business purpose of the trip. So, keep good records throughout the year. You'll make yourself crazy trying to reconstruct your mileage history at the end of the year! There are some great apps out there to help you track your driving with a simple swipe."

Health Insurance and Out-of-Pocket Healthcare Expenses: If you are self-employed, you can deduct the costs of your personal health insurance premiums. However, you need to meet certain criteria: 1) Your business must be claiming a profit, not a loss, for the tax year. 2) You must be ineligible for an employer's health plan, including your spouse's plan*. 3) You can claim premiums only for the months when you were not eligible for an employer's plan. Since health insurance can be quite expensive, this deduction can make a big difference.

Retirement Contributions: This is one of my favorite tax deductions because it also serves as a tool to prepare for your future — double win! This is not the piece where I break down the types of retirement plans that are available to you as a business owner, but know that contributions to your own retirement plan and contributions you have made to your employees' plans are tax deductible. "Plans like SEP-IRA's can be funded until April 15, so this is one of the few ways you can actually change your tax outcome after the tax year has ended," says Rahn. "You really want to work with a tax professional to help you squeeze the most savings out of this deduction."

Depreciation: Thanks to tax reform, business owners have more options to write off their business equipment like computers, furniture and machinery. You can depreciate the cost of assets over a period of years or in many cases, you can write off the entire cost in the year of purchase. A tax advisor can calculate your options so that you can decide what's best for your business this year and for the future!

Education: The IRS allows you to fully deduct education costs if incurring these expenses will help you maintain or enhance the expertise and skills you need to operate your business. This could include education expenses like classes, workshops, seminars, webinars, subscriptions to publications and books that pertain to your business. Transportation to classes even qualifies! Keep in mind that education expenses that pertain to a new career or are unrelated to your business do not qualify but may be eligible for other non-business tax credits.

Interest: If your business has debt like a small business loan or credit card, you are entitled to deduct interest paid to the lender or credit card company. If the loan is part business and part personal, you can deduct only the portion of the loan that is for business purposes. "You can make this easier to track if you have a dedicated credit card for your business, so you don't intermingle business and personal use," says Rahn.

Other Deductions: The above is by no means a comprehensive list. There are many other types of business deductions. Don't forget to include things like advertising and marketing expenses, gifts for clients and customers, salaries and wages, business meals, insurance premiums, bank fees, cost of goods sold, legal fees, maintenance and repairs, and moving expenses. Finally, as I end all of my pieces in this series, please consult a professional when deciding what you can and cannot deduct. I would hate for you to miss out on deductions and pay too much in taxes.


Fruit Salad Tree Care

If you want to keep fruit cocktail tree fruiting and healthy, you must take care of it rightly that is not a big deal.

  • Just have a check on its watering, fertilization and its place, it will not disappoint you.
  • Keep the tree moist all the time to avoid from stress and mulch around it to retain moisture.
  • You must water tree at right time as during winter plant goes in dormancy hence you give less water in winters.
  • Fertilize your fruit cocktail tree twice a year that is in late winter and late and in late summer.
  • Fruit cocktail tree is sun loving fruit tree so grow it in full sun.

Now your fruit salad craving must be satisfied as one tree fruit salad solution is in your garden.

Hurry up and practice grafting for this magical tree and forget tension of buying fruits from market.

We are waiting for your feedback on this magical tree. Tell us more which variety of fruit cocktail tree you grown in your garden?


Watch the video: Fruit Forrest and Fruit Tree Supplier


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